Definition: Finishes are applied to fabrics, textiles, yarns, and fibres to impart the required functional properties. For instance, they can be used to improve the surface structure, rigidity, strength, gloss, density of the substrate, but can also function as a hydrophobic, antistatic, flame-retardant, or antimicrobial agent.
Function: The treatment of wood-based materials with a hydrophobing agent makes them either water-repellent or at least reduces the water absorption. The ingredients of the Jowapur® Appretur cover the wood fibres, pores and capillary surfaces, therefore preventing moisture ingress. Since the pores and the capillaries are not closed in this procedure, the diffusion capacity (breathability) of the material remains virtually unaffected by the hydrophobing treatment.
Objective: The effect of the Appretur has to be permanent and without any negative side effects. The characteristics of the substrate have to be maintained and may even be improved significantly depending on the application. In particular, the Appretur treatment is not allowed to have a detrimental effect on the downline bonding processes with different adhesive systems.
Effect: In general, the deeper the Appretur penetrates into the material, the better the effect will be. The ideal degree of penetration has to be determined for every application individually depending on the price-performance ratio, the desired improvement as well as on the downline processing steps and the time between them. In general, the achievable penetration depth depends on:
Substrates: The Jowapur® Appretur is suitable for instance for the following substrates: MDF/HDF, particleboard, plywood, solid wood, plaster and cement fibreboard, paper, cardboard
The physical characteristics of wood-based materials such as MDF and HDF can be improved significantly with the Jowapur® Appretur. This provides the opportunity to tap into new markets and fulfil the increasing requirements for the latest applications, and to achieve higher resistances.
Especially the tensile strength, shear strength, bending strength, E modulus and transverse tensile strength can be increased by up to 100 %.
The application amount and therefore also the achievable improvement are depending directly on the material thickness, density and penetration depth.
The Appretur is applied in a curtain coating process and drawn into the board through vacuum. The penetration depth can be adapted by changing the application amount, the vacuum and the duration of the process. Depending on the purpose, only the surface with a few millimetres of penetration into the material or a complete treatment may be necessary.
Materials treated with an Appretur can be bonded easily with different adhesive systems. Superior bonding strengths are achieved with dispersion adhesives directly after the treatment (wet in wet).
- Shear strength up to +100 %
- Tensile strength up to +100 %
- Bending strength up to + 50 %
- Elasticity E modulus up to + 50 %
- Reduced swelling in thickness according to DIN EN 317 by up to 70 % (after 24 h storage in water + drying)
- Reduced erected fibres after exposure to moisture, e.g. during varnishing or Bonding
- Curtain coating + vacuum deep-drawing
- Easy and precise application amount dosing
- Variable penetration depth; up to the entire cross section (up to 8 mm thickness)
- Homogeneous application pattern
- Floor elements for rooms with high humidity
- Cladding panels
- Building products e.g. wood fibre insulation boards
- Lightweight building panels
Depending on the quality of the laminate, the appearance of the joints may become unattractive after some time. Firstly due to the ingress of moisture causing a swelling of the MDF substrate and secondly due to a movement of the individual rows of planks in the longitudinal direction. The Appretur is especially suitable for the Laminate flooring industry in combination with a vacuum spraying application to ensure a homogeneous and complete coating of the tongue and groove of the laminate and to facilitate a permanent superior appearance of the joints.
Using the vacuum spray technology, Jowapur®-Appretur can be applied easily and extremely accurately even on the profiled edges of wood-based substrates. The standard feed speeds of up to 300 m/min in the flooring industry are no problem for the Appretur. The positive effect and a substantial reduction of edge swelling has been confirmed in tests with low surface tension water. Edge swelling can be prevented almost completely, facilitating a leap forward in quality and permanent customer satisfaction.
- Reduced egde swelling according to DIN EN 13329 by up to 90 % to < 1 % after re-drying
- Efficient and permanent protection
- Improved water resistance
- Increased profile tensile strength
- Floors, e.g. laminates
- Furniture parts
- Solid wood elements
- Vacuum spray application in a profiled mould
- Retrieve and reuse of excess material
- Edge coating e.g. of tongue + groove
- No waste or overspray
- Profile-independent coating
- Homogeneous application
- Precise application amount dosing
- Spray application within limits
Whether with or without frame, the lightweight panels with a paper honeycomb core play an increasingly important role in the manufacture of furniture. The objective of using these materials is to reduce weight and to save resources. The water-repellent properties of the honeycombs and the skins can be improved through an Appretur treatment. One major demand from the industry are boards with an increased carrying capacity. The loading capacity of lightweight panels can be increased significantly with a finishing of the paper core and optionally of the skins.
The Jowapur® Appretur can be applied by roller on the ridges of the honeycombs. This reduces the material consumption to a minimum. For superior results, the substrates may be bonded directly after treatment with a PVAc dispersion adhesive (wet in wet). If the substrates are bonded with hot melt adhesives, the Appretur should dry before bonding. Depending on the requirements, the Appretur may be applied only on the surface or penetrate into the entire cross-section.
The Appretur improves the performance of lightweight elements, especially with regard to the tensile strength, bending strength and the transverse tensile strength. Compared to an untreated element, the achieved strength values are much more evenly distributed. This optimisation can lead to a quantum leap in the manufacture of lightweight furniture and opens up new opportunities regarding application and structure, especially since material consumption can be reduced further.
- Tensile strength up to 50 % higher
- Increased bending strength by up to 50 %
- Increased transverse tensile strength by up to 100 %
- Substantial reduction of the standard deviation
- Lower dispersion of the strength values
- Significant improvement of the torsional stiffness
- Lightweight furniture
- Shape elements
The products listed only represent a limited selection of the available product portfolio. Product availability might differ by region. The technical data, characteristics and field of application provided in the table outline the differences between the individual adhesives of the product portfolio. Our Application Technology Department and our Sales Representatives are on hand to provide advice and support you finding the best adhesive for your particular application.
Note: The information on this page is based on test results from our laboratories as well as on experience gained in the field, and does in no way constitute any guarantee of properties. Due to the wide range of different applications, substrates, and processing methods beyond our control, no liability may be derived from these indications nor from the information provided by our free technical advisory service. Customer trials under everyday conditions, testing for suitability at normal processing conditions, and appropriate fit-for-purpose testing are absolutely necessary. For the specifications as well as further information, please refer to the latest technical data sheets.
Further applications in the field of „Building Elements”
- Textile lamination (Building textiles)
- Assembly Bonding
- Composite elements
- Precast concrete parts
- Window profile wrapping
- Exterior doors
- Interior doors (Flat lamination)
- Wood windows manufacture
- Engineered parquet manufacture
- Manufacture of laminate-, vinyl- and design flooring
- Access floor manufacture
- Textile floor coverings
- Profile wrapping (skirting boards)